With the advent of cutting-edge technology, it has become a feasible option to perform ‘minimally invasive’ surgeries with precision and finesse. Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy are two such surgeries used to diagnose and cure certain female infertility conditions.
Laparoscopy: A procedure conducted using a small but significant telescope named ‘Laparoscope’ to which a light source and camera are attached. It enables doctors to see ovaries, outside of the uterus and fallopian tubes inside the abdomen. Doctors can perform surgeries while looking inside the abdomen. Laparoscopy is done to determine the causes of infertility, symptoms like pelvic pain & abdominal pain and to check if there are any scar tissues or blockage in the fallopian tubes. Doctors use this technique to treat cysts, endometriosis, and fibroids.
Hysteroscopy: A tool called ‘Hysteroscope’ is used to see inside the womb. The tip of the tool is put inside the uterus and trawled gently. A light source and camera are attached to the tool. Hysteroscopy is usually done to determine the cause of abnormal bleeding and to remove growths in the uterus like fibroids and polyps. During the test, the doctor can find and treat the problem at the same time.