IUI s a technique in which sturdy sperm are sifted out from flaccid ones and later the washed sperm are placed into the woman’s uterus during the time of ovulation. Before the IUI treatment commences, it is mandatory to undergo a Patency Health Test to ascertain whether the fallopian tubes are robust and open.
This method is particularly beneficial for couples who have an unexplained and ambiguous infertility problem. This technique is also used when men can’t ejaculate in their partners’ vagina due to a raft of reasons ranging from psychological issues, impotence, vaginismus or anatomic problems.
IUI Procedure: After a period of abstinence for 3 days, to produce the optimum and healthy sperm, men ejaculate in a jar. The best quality sperm are sifted out, which takes around 2 hours, and are placed in the womb through a thin tube. This process is not painful for women but they might experience slight discomfort or a little vaginal discharge which is just the cervical mucus.
The female partner must undergo a transvaginal ultrasound to evaluate ovarian reserve & uterus condition, few blood tests etc. and Laparoscopy or hysteroscopy in cases where there is an indication of such operation requirement after the initial workup.
Male partner needs to undergo a semen analysis to determine the quality & quantity of their sperm or whether there’s any dysfunctional tinge to them. The mobility and motility are also checked along with few blood tests.